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Synodontis afrofischeri  Hilgendorf, 1888

Fischer's Victoria squeaker
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Synodontis afrofischeri
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Hilgendorf.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 25; depth range 0 - 70 m (Ref. 34291), usually 0 - 30 m (Ref. 34291).   Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060), preferred ?; 3°N - 5°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lakes Victoria, Nabugabo and Kyoga, affluent rivers of Lake Victoria, Victoria Nile (Ref. 4903). Also found in the Lake Rukwa drainage (Ref. 27292), the Malagarazi River (Ref. 54847, 98755) and the Middle Akagera system (Ref. 46152, 54979). Specimens from Kingani River (=Ruvu River) are misidentifications of S. orientalis (Ref. 78218).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 9.6, range 10 - 12 cm
Max length : 17.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34290)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7. 32-54 mandibular teeth. Maxillary barbels reaching almost to the origin of the pelvic fin in some specimens and to the tip of the humeral process in others. Outer mandibular barbels with slender branches, inner pair with shorter, but slender branches. Marbled yellowish-brown (marbling is extremely variable, some individuals uniformly brown) (Ref. 34290).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Lives in streams and rivers and in lakes, where it prefers shore regions (Ref. 78218). More common in rivers than in lakes (Ref. 12526). Common in marginal vegetation of Kagera River (Ref. 4903). Replaces S. victoriae in shallow waters of Lake Victoria (Ref. 4903), prefers areas less than 20 m deep (Ref. 34290). Feeds on insects (Povilla and chironomid larvae) and molluscs (Ref. 12526). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Rarely grows to lengths greater than 15 cm SL (Ref. 34290).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Mochokidae. p. 105-152. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels, MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3202)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 200).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.