Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 23°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468), preferred ?; 5°N - 0°N
Africa: lower, middle and upper Congo River basin, including Pool Malebo (= Stanley Pool); Ogooué and Nyanga basins in Gabon; Ntem-Campo, Nyong and Lokoundje basins in Cameroon; Lali River (upper Kouilou basin) in Republic of Congo (Ref. 43912). Also in the Mitemboni River (Ref. 81643) (Gabon-Equatorial Guinea border). Presence in Lake Kivu unlikely, based on a single specimen that is probably mislabelled (Ref. 43912).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3570)
Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Important species in fishery terms (Ref. 78218).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
De Vos, L., 1986. Schilbeidae. p. 36-53. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3570)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00392 - 0.02121), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .