Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 12468), preferred ?
Africa: Nigeria to Cameroon (Ref. 57127), possibly from coastal rivers in Togo (Ref. 78218). Known from the rivers Ogun (Ref. 13331), lower Niger (Ref. 13331, 57127), Kwa-Ibo and Cross in Nigeria (Ref. 57127), and the Wouri, Sanaga and Nyong in Cameroon (Ref. 7351, 43912, 51193). Report from Ogowe (Ref. 43912) represents S. laticeps (Ref. 81643). Report from the Congo River basin (Ref. 51193) not confirmed in Ref. 43912, 78218 or 81643.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57127)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 34 - 39. Diagnosis: small species, less than 100 mm long; eyes small, diameter not exceeding 23% of head length; nasal barbels always extending beyond hind margin of eye; inner margin of pectoral-fin spine weakly denticulate; 34-39 branched anal-fin rays and 6-8 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; adipose fin always present; colour pattern marbled (Ref. 57127).
Coloration: Preserved specimens: irregularly brownish; base and margin of anal fin dark brown, other fins brownish or blackish; belly and underside of head finely spotted (Ref. 57127).
Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
De Vos, L., 1995. A systematic revision of the African Schilbeidae (Teleostei, Siluriformes). With an annotated bibliography. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sci. Zool., 271:1-450. (Ref. 43912)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00250 - 0.01267), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .