Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 20. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2059), preferred ?
Africa: Chiloango basin in Angola (Cabinda enclave) and Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the middle and upper Congo River basin including Pool Malebo (= Stanley Pool) and the drainages of the Ubangi and Kasai (Ref. 43912, 78218).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3570)
Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
De Vos, L., 1986. Schilbeidae. p. 36-53. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3570)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00250 - 0.01267), b=3.04 (2.84 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .