Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Crenicichla: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335); anamiri: The specific name anamiri is a noun in apposition, referring, in tupi-guarani, to the word 'Anãmiri', meaning 'dwarf', in allusion to the small size of the new species.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Middle rio Xingu and rio Bacajá, upstream of Volta Grande do Xingu in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104708)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 18 - 21;
soft rays: 7 - 10;
Vertebrae: 30 - 32. Crenicichla anamiri is distinguished from all congeners except C. notophthalmus, C. regani, C. urosema, and C. virgatula by having serrations on supracleithrum (vs. absence). It differs from from C. notophthalmus and C. regani by having a black vertical elliptic blotch centrally positioned at caudal-fin base (vs. presence of ocellated blotch dorsally on caudal-fin base). It can be separated from C. regani, C. urosema and C. virgatula by having two to four rows of teeth in both jaws (vs. more than four rows); from C. virgatula and C. urosema also by the presence of vertical bars on the caudal fin (vs. absence) (Ref. 104708).
Collected close to the shore or on sandy beaches next to roots of the riparian vegetation during dry season (Ref. 104708).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ito, P.M.M. and L.H.R. Py-Daniel, 2015. A small new species of Crenicichla Heckel, 1840 from middle rio Xingu, Brazil (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 13(3):471-478. (Ref. 104708)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .