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Cobitis avicennae  Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Esmaeili, Geiger & Freyhof, 2015

Zagros spined loach
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Cobitis avicennae
Male picture by Mousavi-Sabet, H.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335);  avicennae: Named for the Persian polymath Ab? ?Al? al-?usayn ibn ?Abd All?h ibn S?n? (Persian: Pur-e Sina [?pu?r ?si?n??] "son of Sina"; c. 980 - June 1037), commonly known as Ibn S?n? or by his Latinized name Avicenna; here used as a noun in the genitive case.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 99625).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Iran (Tigris).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 99625)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This specie is distinguished from its congeners in the Persian Gulf, Kor and southern Caspian Sea basins by the following set of characters: males with a single lamina circularis on pectoral fin in males (vs. 2 in C. elazigensis, C. linea); individuals larger than 6.5 cm SL with 5-6 rows of dark spots on dorsal and caudal fins in (vs. 3-4 in C. faridpaki); sub-dorsal scales with a small focal zone (vs. large in C. amphilekta, C. taenia); Z4 consists of 12-17 distinct, large, dark-brown blotches (vs. 20-30 in C. faridpaki and vs. small, indistinct blotches in C. kellei); upper caudal-fin base with a small comma-shaped black spot (vs. a large spot in C. keyvani; 2 spots in C. melanoleuca) (Ref. 99625).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

At the type locality of this species, the Dehno is a shallow and narrow (up to 5 m wide) stream with diverse structures (pools, riffles, gravel bed, sandy shore, etc.). At the time of collection, the water was clear with swift current and the specimens were found in shallow water (30-50 cm depth) above gravel (Ref. 99625).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Mousavi-Sabet. H., S. Vatandoust, H.R. Esmaeili, M.F. Geiger and J. Freyhof, 2015. Cobitis avicennae, a new species of spined loach from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cobitidae). Zootaxa 3914(5):558-568. (Ref. 99625)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00231 - 0.01193), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .