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Stenorynchoacrum xijiangensis  Huang, Yang & Chen, 2014

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Stenorynchoacrum xijiangensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Stenorynchoacrum: Sten is derived from Green stenos, means narrow; ryncho from Greek rhynchos, means snout; and from Greek acr, means the extremities of the body (snout, ears or trotters). Thus, rynchoacrum means ventral margin of rostral cap. Stenorynchoacrum alludes to the narrow and undeveloped rostral cap of this genus.;  xijiangensis: Name alludes Xi Jiang, the drainage of the type locality.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Xiangsi Jiang, a tributary of Li Jiang draining to Xi Jiang of Zhu Jiang Drainage (Pearl River Drainage) in Guangxi Province, China.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95674)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 35 - 37. Stenorynchoacrum xijiangensis differs from all species belonging to Labeoninae by the following characters: middle part of rostral cap undeveloped, narrow, only covering the base of the upper jaw, both sides of rostral cap well developed and extending upward, rostral cap connected the lower lip, both lateral part of which free, as the result of a long postlabial groove separating the posterior margin of lateral part of lower lip and the isthmus, the median part of lower lip protrudes to form a round fleshy pad, whose posterior margin continuous with the mental region, no crescentic fold surrounding the fleshy pad (Fig. 2). Other diagnostic characters include: ventral margin of rostral cap unfringed, upper lip regresses to form a row of thin, tiny lobes adnated to upper jaw, the posterior margin of lower jaw connected the anterior part of lower lip, lower lip well developed, variable papillae scattered on rostral cap and lower lip, the anterior margin of upper and lower jaws born flexible, cornified sheath, two pairs of barbels, pharyngeal teeth in 3 rows, and dorsal fin with eight branched rays (Ref. 95674).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits underground caves connected to the surface river in the Karst area. Remains in the underground caves in the dry season and swims upward into the rivers during the flood season (Ref. 95674).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Huang, Y., J. Yang and X. Chen, 2014. Sternorynchoacrum xijiangensis, a new genus and a new species of Labeoninae fish from Guangxi, China (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 3793(3):379-386. (Ref. 95674)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00424 - 0.02056), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .