Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Cheirodontinae
Etymology: Serrapinnus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus + Latin, pinna = spiny, thorn (Ref. 45335); tocantinensis: The name is in reference to the restricted geographic distribution of the species to the rio Tocantins-Araguaia basin. A noun in apposition.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
South America: Rio Tocantins-Araguaia basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96959)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 10 - 11. Serrapinnus tocantinensis is distinguisged from its congeners by the elongation of the unbranched dorsal and pelvic-fin rays into filaments in mature males. It differs further from S. sterbai by the absence of a continuous mid-lateral black stripe extending from the opercular region to the caudal-peduncle spot. It can be separated from other congeners by having the following characters: 9 to 11 cusps in the premaxillary teeth (vs. 5 in S. microdon and S. potiguar, 7 in S. aster, 7 to 9 in S. calliurus, S. heterodon, S. kriegi, S. micropterus, S. notomelas and S. piaba and 10 to 12 in S. gracilis and S. littoris); dentary teeth without expanded cusps forming a sharp cutting edge (vs. dentary teeth with expanded cusps forming a sharp cutting edge in S. heterodon); hyaline dorsal fin (vs. with a proximal black blotch in S. notomela; and black spot absent on the posteroventral region of the abdomen (vs. present in S. kriegi) (Ref. 96959).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Malabarba, L.R. and F.C. Jerep, 2014. Review of the species of the genus Serrapinnus Malabarba, 1998 (Teleostei: Characidae: Cheirodontinae) from the rio Tocantins-Araguaia basin, with description of three new species. Zootaxa 3847(1):057-079. (Ref. 96959)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00545 - 0.03498), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .