Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Saccogaster: Latin, sacculus = small bag + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335); horrida: Named for the spines and bony ridges above the eyes.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 403 m (Ref. 93007). Tropical, preferred ?
Eastern Indian Ocean. Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 57;
Vertebrae: 56. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: a pair of distinct free spines on frontal plate above and behind eyes, bony ridge above eye and cartilaginous ethmoidal spine in front of eyes; thin, transparent skin, scaleless and without neuromasts; anterior arch with long gill rakers 2-3 times length of gill filaments; palatines with 2-3 tooth rows; pectoral peduncle is twice as long as high; vertebrae, precaudal 14, total 56; fin rays, D 84, A 57 and pectoral 21; otolith length to height, 1.75, otolith length to colliculum length (2.1), sulcus with long pointed anterior projection (Ref. 93007).
This viviparous species was caught on the upper continental slope and this female specimen was with ovaries containing many eggs but no embryos (Ref. 93007).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., W. Schwarzhans and D.M. Cohen, 2012. Revisions of Hastatobythites and Saccogaster (Teleostei, Bythitidae) with three new species and a new genus. Zootaxa 3579:1-36. (Ref. 93007)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .