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Spectracanthicus zuanoni  Chamon & Rapp Py-Daniel, 2014

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Spectracanthicus zuanoni
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Spectracanthicus: Latin, spectrum = look, apparition + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335);  zuanoni: Named for Jansen Zuanon (INPA) due to his contribution to the knowledge of Neotropical Ichthyology. Jansen Zuanon was also the first ichthyologist who collected and identified this species as a new one.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Rio Xingu basin in Pará State, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95496)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal soft rays: 5; Vertebrae: 26. This is distinguished from other species of Spectracanthicus by its color pattern consisting of large, white spots (vs. small yellowish dots in S. murinus, S. punctatissimus, and S. tocantinensis , and dark gray lacking dots in S. immaculatus). It also differs from congeners, except S. murinus, by having larger orbital diameter up to 29.2% of HL (vs. up to 25.7% in S. punctatissimus, 20.3% in S. tocantinensis, 16.2% in S. immaculatus). It can be further separated from S. murinus by having rounded dorsal view of the snout, bar-shaped, eversible opercle with conspicuous odontodes, and four unbranched anal-fin rays (vs. snout slightly pointed; opercle triangle-shaped, not eversible, lacking conspicuous odontodes; three anal-fin unbranched rays); from S. tocantinensis by having 19-43 dentary teeth (vs. 8-16) and by the infraorbital 4 forming just a small area of orbit (vs. forming posterior edge of orbit almost totally) (Ref. 95496).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds actively at night on algae and other food items off periphyton by grazing over rock bottom. Found in rock-bottom areas subjected to backwater and strong currents. Occurs individually or in groups of three, under shelter boulders (adults) and spaces beneath rocks (juveniles), up to 2m deep. Juveniles co-inhabit with other loricariids such as Ancistrus sp., A. ranunculus, Baryancistrus xanthellus, Spectracanthicus punctatissimus , Hopliancistrus tricornis, Parancistrus nudiventris, Peckoltia vittata, and Pseudancistrus aff. barbatus (Ref. 95496).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Chamon, C.C. and L.H. Rapp Py-Daniel, 2014. Taxonomic revision of Spectracanthicus Nijssen & Isbrücker (Loricariidae: Hypostominae: Ancistrini), with description of three new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 12(1):1-25. (Ref. 95496)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .