Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Sicydiinae
Etymology: Stiphodon: Greek, stiphos, -eos, -oys = mass + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); alcedo: Named from the Latin alcedo, meaning kingfisher, as the metallic turquoise on the head and body and the orange around the belly of the nuptial coloured male is similar to the plumage of the kingfisher, Alcedo atthis. A noun in apposition.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Asia: Okinawa Island and Iriomote Island of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 3 cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90212); 4.8 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 10;
Vertebrae: 25 - 27. Distinguished from its congeners by having the following characters: dorsal fins, usually VI-I, 9, male having pointed, but not filamentous, first dorsal fin with elongate spines 4 and 5, posterior tip of fin usually extending to base of soft-rays 2-5 of second dorsal fin; pectoral fin with 15-17 (mode 16) rays; 32-40 premaxillary teeth; dentary with 32-45 horizontal teeth; female with two black longitudinal bands laterally on body arranged with a larger interval between two bands; lower band composed of 8-11 regular blotches, upper band thin and pale; all fins of female usually with faint markings; non-nuptial colored male having a dark brown longitudinal band just below lateral midline; nuptial colored male lacking this band, and having blackish or sometimes orange body, metallic turquoise laterally on head, metallic turquoise spot on upper pectoral-fin base when alive; and male often with 1-6 somewhat obscure black spots on pectoral-fin rays (Ref. 90212).
Adults and juveniles inhabit freshwater streams, usually in pools. Often form shoals with conspecific individuals and the congeners Stiphodon percnopterygionus and Stiphodon atropurpureus, and occasionally with Stiphodon imperiorientis.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maeda, K., M. Takahiko and K. Tachinara, 2011. A new species of amphidromous goby, Stiphodon alcedo, from the Ryukyu Archipelago (Gobiidae: Sicydiinae). Cybium 35(4):285-298. (Ref. 90212)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .