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Satanoperca rhynchitis  Kullander, 2012

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Satanoperca rhynchitis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Satanoperca: Taken from the prince of darkness. Hube liked to name cave fishes with diabolic names based on the idea of hell being underground + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335);  rhynchitis: The specific name refers to the long snout of the species and is a substantivated adjective, to be considered as a noun in apposition, formed from the noun rynchos/rhynchos (Greek), snout, and the adjectival suffix ­itis (Greek), expressing possession..   More on author: Kullander.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known only from the Oyapock, Approuague (including Kaw), Kourou, Comté, Iracoubo, and Sinnamary drainages in French Guiana.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90072)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Vertebrae: 27 - 28. Distinguished from Satanoperca daemon, S. lilith, and S. acuticeps in the absence of well defined dark blotches on the side, and lower meristics (soft dorsal­fin rays 8­10, modally 9, vs 12-14; e1 scales 25-27, modally 26, vs 27-31; ceratobranchial gill-rakers 12-14, modally 14, vs 17-23). It is similar to remaining species of the genus, S. jurupari, S. leucosticta, S. mapiritensis, and S. pappaterra in meristics, proportional measurements, dentition, and general colour pattern, but can be diagnosed from all by fewer scales in the e1 row, 25-26, rarely 27, vs 27-28. Differs also from S. pappaterra in the Guaporé and Paraguay river basins in the absence of prominent black blotches along the base of the dorsal fin, and absence of a well­defined black band along the middle of the side; and from S. leucosticta (Guyana and Suriname), and S. mapiritensis (Orinoco river drainage) by the absence of white spots on the snout and sides of the head. Its most similar species may be S. jurupari in the central Amazon basin from which it differs in modal dorsal­fin count XV.9, vs XV.10, e1 scale count 26 vs 27, gill-raker count 13-14 (rarely 15) vs 16-17 (rarely 14, 15, 18), gill blade narrower than ceratobranchial (vs wider), and generally longer snout (14.3-19.4% of SL, vs 11.3-15.9%) (Ref. 90072).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S., 2012. A taxonomic review of Satanoperca (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from French Guiana, South America, with description of a new species. Cybium 36(1):247-262. (Ref. 90072)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00603 - 0.02627), b=3.13 (2.93 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .