Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish; cyanophthalma: This species is named cyanophthalma (Latin: “blue-eye”) with reference to the pair of blue stripes through the eye, which is an excellent field character for its recognition (Ref. 90035).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 31 m (Ref. 90035). Tropical, preferred ?
Indo-West Pacific: Known from northern Sulawesi and Lombok to West Papua, Indonesia (Ref. 90102).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8. Dorsal rays VII+I,9; anal rays II,7-8; pectoral rays 12; tubed lateral-line scales 4-8; median predorsal scales 4-5; total gill rakers 3-4 + 9-10; developed gill rakers 1 + 6-9; gill rakers on ceratobranchial 6-7. Body depth 2.25-2.6 in SL and body width 2.4-3.1 in the depth; eye diameter 2.65-3.3 in head length; first dorsal spine very small 10.25-14.5 in second spine (two specimens); second dorsal spine 4.7-5.1, spine of second dorsal fin 4.1-5.2, and second anal spine 4.6-5.1, all in head length; pectoral-fin length 4.2-4.5 and pelvic-fin length 4.8-5.0 in SL; caudal-peduncle length 1.0-1.4 in distance between pelvic spine insertion and anal-fin origin. Preopercular edge weakly serrate around angle, with 5-14 (usually 6-8) minute serrations; preopercular ridge smooth. Tip of light organ on each side of tongue bound by membrane. (Ref. 90035).
Solitary or in small groups. Found in sheltered coral reefs (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gon, O. and G.R. Allen, 2012. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 3294:1-84. (Ref. 90035)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00706 - 0.03245), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .