Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins) > Stevardiinae
Etymology: Chrysobrycon: Greek, chrysos = golden + Greek, ebryko = to bite; eliasi: The species is named as patronym in honor and memory to the late Elias Vanegas G., father of the senior author (J.V-R.) (Ref. 88954).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical, preferred ?; 12°S - 13°S, 69°W - 70°W
South America: Peru. Known from different localities of the río Madre de Dios basin and the upper río Manuripe basin, both flowing into the río Madeira basin, Peru (Ref. 88954).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88954); 4.4 cm (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Chrysobrycon eliasi is distinguished from its congeners by the maxillary teeth, tricuspidates, bicuspidates, and conical, vs. all maxillary teeth tricuspidate to pentacuspidate in C. myersi and C. hesperus. Chrysobrycon eliasi also has the terminal lateral-line tube developed between caudal-fin rays 10-11 vs. absence of the terminal lateral-line tube in C. myersi and C. hesperus. Furthermore, Chrysobrycon eliasi differs from C. hesperus by the presence of 6-15 (mode = 11; n = 28) maxillary teeth occupying more than 70% of the length of the maxilla in adults, vs. maxilla with 2-9 teeth (mode = 3; n = 11) occupying less than 70% of its length in adults, and a lower number of predorsal scales 18-22 (mode = 19; n = 28) vs. 22-23 (mode = 22; n = 11), respectively. Chrysobrycon eliasi is also readily differentiated from C. myersi by a smaller dorsal-fin to hypural complex length 36.32-41.17% SL vs. 42.19-47.38% SL; smaller gill-gland length in males, 3.57-5.05% SL vs. 6.52-6.66% SL; shorter maxillary length, 33.76-38.75% HL vs. 39.85-48.28% HL; and a lower number of branched anal-fin rays, 24-30 vs. 33-36. Chrysobrycon eliasi has a different pattern of scales near to the pouch scale of males; the additional small scale is set under the pouch scale and its ventral border is not seen in the lateral view (Ref. 88954).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vanegas-Ríos, J.A., M.d.l.M. Azpelicueta and H. Ortega, 2011. Chrysobrycon eliasi, new species of stevardiine fish (Characiformes: Characidae) from the río Madre de Dios and upper río Manuripe basins, Peru. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(4):731-740. (Ref. 88954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00578 - 0.03452), b=2.89 (2.67 - 3.11), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .