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Sundadanio gargula  Conway, Kottelat & Tan, 2011

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Sundadanio gargula
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Danioninae
Etymology: Sundadanio: Composed from Sunda , Asiatic island + Vernacular name fron India and Sri Lanka;  gargula: Derived from gar-, an onomatope common to many ancient European language for boiling water or water flowing through a gullet, and from the Latin 'gula', meaning throat; this gave rise to French gargouille and the English gargoyle; in reference to the somewhat grotesque appearance of the head and throat of tuberculate males of this species. A noun in apposition..   More on author: Kottelat.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Bangka Island, Sumatra, Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88800)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal soft rays: 9; Vertebrae: 34. Distinguished all its congeners by the greater distance between the dark lateral stripe and the ventral midline in males (13.5-14.5 % SL vs. 8.7- 13.6) and by its larger and more numerous tubercles (enlarged scales next to window in body musculature with a vertical row of 3-5 large conical tubercles vs. 1-3; scales posterior to enlarged scales next to window in body musculature and anterior to anal-fin origin with 2 large, closely situated conical tubercles at center vs. 1 or 2 small, widely spaced tubercles). Can be further distinguished by the following combination of characters: large adult body size (largest specimen examined 19.0 mm SL, smallest tuberculate male 15.2 mm SL); live males with blue to emerald green sheen present across dorsal body surface and an intense red colour across anterior portion of anal fin; preserved males with a highly developed dark lateral stripe of uniform intensity along its entire length, horizontal through ventral border of which, when brought forward, extends through dorsal half of eye; absence of secondary lateral stripe in preserved males; absence of reticulate pattern along dorsal body surface; absence of dusky markings on dorsal and caudal fins; complete covering of scales on caudal peduncle (Ref. 88800).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits peat swamp forests (Ref. 88800).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Conway, K.W., M. Kottelat and H.H. Tan, 2011. Review of the Southeast Asian miniature cyprinid genus Sundadanio (Ostariophysi: Cyprinidae) with descriptions of seven new species from Indonesia and Malaysia. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 22(3):251-288. (Ref. 88800)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00330 - 0.01663), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .