Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Cetoscarus: Greek, ketos = a marine monster, whale + Greek, skaros = a fish cited by ancient writers; a parrot fish (Ref. 45335); ocellatus: Name based on the juvenile phase (Ref. 54980).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical, preferred ?
Indo- Pacific: East coast of Africa to the Society Islands, Tuamotus and islands of Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54980)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is characterized by the following: 14-15 (usually 14) pectoral rays; 5-7 (usually 6) median predorsal scales; 3 rows of scales on cheek, the lower one with 3-7 scales; nodular outer surface of dental plates (vs. smooth on Chlorurus, Hipposcarus and Scarus); conical teeth absent on side of dental plates; lips largely covering dental plates; long snout 1.8-2.2 in HL; juveniles with rounded caudal fin, emarginate in adults. Initial phase with head purplish to reddish brown, finely spotted with black ventrally; body with a broad, pale yellowish zone dorsally, bluish gray below; scales rimmed and spotted with black; median fins brownish red and caudal with a whitish crescent posteriorly. Terminal males green, scales rimmed with pink, head and anterior body with numerous small pink spots except below an orange line from corner of the mouth to pectoral base and across upper abdomen, where solid green with broad, pink, longitudinal ventral band; juveniles white with a broad, dark-edged orange bar covering head except snout and chin, a large, orange-rimmed black spot anteriorly in dorsal fin, and a broad, submarginal orange band in caudal fin (Ref. 54980).
Inhabits seaward reefs and lagoons at depths of 1-30 m, in groups of females with one male (Ref. 90102). Feeds on benthic algae (Ref. 89972).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 p. (Ref. 54980)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00632 - 0.03014), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .