Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae
(Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Verasper: Latin, vere = certainly, true + Latin, asper = rough.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 149 m (Ref. 27311). Subtropical, preferred ?
Northwest Pacific: central Honshu, Japan to Korea and to the East China Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); max. published weight: 4.0 kg (Ref. 56557)
Found in the sublittoral zone above 100 m (Ref. 11230). Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms in coastal areas (Ref. 9137, 11230). Cultured and released for fishery in Japan.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00439 - 0.01810), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.27).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .