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Rhinolekos garavelloi  Martins & Langeani, 2011

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Rhinolekos garavelloi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) > Hypoptopomatinae
Etymology: Rhinolekos: Name from the Greek 'rhinos' for nose, nostril and 'lekos' for plate, referring to presence of the lateronasal plate.;  garavelloi: Named for Julio C. Garavello, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, for his contributions to the study of Hypoptopomatinae catfishes and to Neotropical Ichthyology.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known from the type locality, stream tributary to rio Paranaíba drainage, upper rio Paraná system in Goiás State, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86681)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal soft rays: 4 - 6; Vertebrae: 32. Distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: shorter post-anal length (29.0- 34.6% in SL vs. 34.7-37.7% in Rhinolekos britskii and 35.7-41.3% in Rhinolekos schaeferi); longer thoracic length (18.1-20.8% in SL vs. 14.7-18.0% in Rhinolekos britskii and 13.7-17.6% in Rhinolekos schaeferi); 30-35 dorsal plates (vs. 24-28 in Rhinolekos britskii and 26-28 in Rhinolekos schaeferi). Can be further diagnosed from Rhinolekos britskii by the absence of transverse dark bands in pectoral-, pelvic and anal-fin rays (vs. presence); by having 32 vertebrae (vs. 31), and anterior portion of the compound supraneural-first dorsal-fin proximal radial contacting the neural spine of the 10th vertebra (vs. 9th); and from Rhinolekos schaeferi by having 23-27 mid-dorsal plates (vs. 18-20); 24-28 mid-ventral plates (vs. 20-22); higher caudal peduncle (10.3-13.0% in SL vs. 7.7-8.7); wider head (24.6-28.1% in SL vs. 20.5-23.9%); and absence of premaxillary and dentary accessory teeth (vs. presence) (Ref. 86681).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fisch-Muller, Sonia | Collaborators

Oliveira Martins, F. de and F. Langeani, 2011. Rhinolekos, a new genus with three new species of Hypoptopomatinae (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from upper rio Paraná. Netrop. Ichthyol. 9(1):65-78. (Ref. 86681)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00229 - 0.01319), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.3   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .