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Spectrunculus crassus  (Vaillant, 1888)

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Spectrunculus crassus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae (Cusk-eels) > Neobythitinae
Etymology: Spectrunculus: Latin, spectrum = apparition (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1772 - 3677 m (Ref. 80689).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic and eastern Pacific Oceans.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 57.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80689)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 121-139; Anal soft rays: 91 - 102; Vertebrae: 71 - 78. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal-fin rays 121-139; anal-fin rays 91-102; total vertebrae 71-78; otolith ostium depth 30-40% of sulcus length (Ref. 80689).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

One specimen from the eastern Pacific was examined and radiographs showed the following stomach contents: detritus, gastropods, crustaceans, ophiurids, remains of polychaetes, foraminifera, sediment, and bivalves. From individuals with filled stomachs), detritus was found to be 88%, followed by gastropods (52%), crustaceans (44%), and ophiurids (36%). Observed ontogenetic trend in the consumption of gastropods with 18.2% in specimens less than 45 cm SL (n=11) and 78.6% in specimens greater than 45 cm SL (n=14, Fisher’s Exact Test, P<0.005); all gastropod shells were intact (Ref. 80689).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Uiblein, F., J.G. Nielsen and P.R. Møller, 2008. Systematics of the ophidiid genus Spectrunculus (Teleostei: Ophidiiformes) with resurrection of S. crassus. Copeia 2008(5)542-551. (Ref. 80689)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Morphometrics
Morphology
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Otoliths
Brains
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .