Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Africa: only known from the Kouilou-Niari basin in the Republic of Congo (Ref. 86529).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86529)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from all congeners in Lower Guinea by the following unique combination of characters: entire anterior edge of dorsal spine not serrated; posterior margin of operculum without opercular spine; 18-24 mandibular teeth; maxillary barbels bordered by a broad membrane; and a unique colour pattern characterized by numerous dark brown, irregularly shaped spots on a light brownish background colour with, in live specimens, a vivid yellowish overall sheen (Ref. 86529).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vreven, E. and A. Ibala Zamba, 2011. Synodontis carineae, a new species of mochokid catfish from the Kouilou-Niari River basin, Africa (Siluriformes: Mochokidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 21(4):359-367. (Ref. 86529)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00610 - 0.03124), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .