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Starksia springeri  Castillo & Baldwin, 2011

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Starksia springeri
Picture by C.C. Baldwin et al.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labrisomidae (Labrisomids)
Etymology: springeri: Named for Victor G. Springer, Senior Scientist Emeritus, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic, usually 1 - 25 m (Ref. 86414).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean: Curacao, Netherland Antilles.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86414); 1.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 15; Vertebrae: 32. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: absence of orbital cirrus; trunk with irregular dark blotches on pale background; pectoral-fin base with relatively straight margins defining pale gap that separates two dark blotches; cheek with distinct dark and pale markings, the anterior part of cheek with prominent dark blotch, anteroventral and posterior margins of blotch well defined by pale regions; posterior pale area on cheek bordered posteriorly by thin, dark, anteroventral-to-posterodorsal streak of pigment along distal edge of preopercle (Ref. 86414).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Collaborators

Baldwin, C.C., C.I. Castillo, L.A. Weigt and B.C. Victor, 2011. Seven new species within western Atlantic Starksia atlantica, S. lepicoelia, and S. sluiteri (Teleostei, Labrisomidae), with comments on congruence of DNA barcodes and species. ZooKeys 79:21-72. (Ref. 86414)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00176 - 0.01190), b=3.11 (2.89 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .