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Xyliphius anachoretes  Figueiredo & Britto, 2010

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Xyliphius anachoretes
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Aspredinidae (Banjo catfishes) > Hoplomyzontinae
Etymology: Xyliphius: Greek, xylephion, xylarion = a little piece of wood (Ref. 45335);  anachoretes: The specific name is from the Greek adjective anachoretes, which means 'one that retired from the world', hermit, recluse, in allusion to the rarity of the only two specimens known, each one found alone and far apart.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: rio Tocantins-Araguaia system in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83904)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 4; Anal soft rays: 7; Vertebrae: 31. Distinguished from other members of the genus Xyliphius, except Xyliphius magdalenae, by following characters: 6 developed retrorse serrae along posterior border of pectoral spine (vs. 7-9 in Xyliphius melanopterus and Xyliphius barbatus, 8 in Xyliphius lombarderoi, 8-10 in Xyliphius lepturus and Xyliphius kryptos). Differs from Xyliphius magdalenae by having 31 total free vertebrae (vs. 33-36). Can be further distinguished, except from Xyliphius kryptos, by papillae of lower lip bearing minute branches (vs. large branches in Xyliphius lepturus, Xyliphius barbatus, Xyliphius lombarderoi, and Xyliphius melanopterus, or unbranched papillae in Xyliphius magdalenae); and, except from Xyliphius magdalenae and Xyliphius kryptos, by having 22 or 24 papillae on lower lip (vs. 25-28 in Xyliphius lepturus, 27-29 in Xyliphius melanopterus, 27-30 in Xyliphius barbatus, and 28 in Xyliphius lombarderoi). Can be also promptly separated by the lower number of dorsal procurrent rays (2) from Xyliphius lepturus (2 or 5), Xyliphius melanopterus (3), and Xyliphius magdalenae (4) (Ref. 83904).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in shallow waters (Ref. 83904).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Friel, John P. | Collaborators

Figueiredo, C.A. and M.R. Britto, 2010. A new species of Xyliphius, a rarely sampled banjo catfish (Siluriformes: Aspredinidae) from the Rio Tocantins-Araguaia system. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 8(1):105-112. (Ref. 83904)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .