Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate, preferred ?
Europe: Bear Island (74°25'N, 19°00'E).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83710); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Differs from the sympatric, non-anadromous Salvelinus salvelinus population by having the following unique characters: maximum size 17 cm SL; spawns for the first time at 11.0 cm SL (vs. 28 cm SL); and mature individuals with belly drab bronze greyish (vs. bright yellow to carmine). Can be further diagnosed by having 30-42 pyloric caeca (vs. 39-52); 22-26 gill rakers (vs. 24-27);and mature individuals often with parr marks (vs. absence) (Ref. 59043).
A non-anadromous species which inhabits shallow lakes. Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2009. Notes on the taxonomy and nomenclature of some European freshwater fishes. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(1):75-90. (Ref. 83710)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00481 - 0.02077), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=16).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .