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Scardinius hesperidicus  Bonaparte, 1845

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Scardinius hesperidicus
Picture by Hartl, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Scardinius: A range of lofty mountains, Scardus, forming the boundary between Moesia and Macedonia.   More on author: Bonaparte.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Adriatic and Tyrrhenian basins in Slovenia, Italy, and Switzerland. Most likely only native to Po drainage and Adriatic rivers east of Po. Widely introduced in Italy.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from its congeners in Mediterranean basin by the combination of the following characters: 36-39 + 2-3 scales along lateral line; anal fin with 10-12½ branched rays; dorsal head profile straight or slightly convex; snout pointing forward, tip at or slightly above level of middle eye; back not humped behind nape; eye not close to dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; articulation of lower jaw in front of anterior margin of eye; head profile lacking conspicuous angle of articulation of lower jaw; head length 24-27% SL; body depth 35-39% SL; caudal peduncle depth 11-12% SL; and all fins dark grey in adults larger than 10 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in well vegetated lowland rivers, backwaters, oxbows, ponds, and lakes. Feeds mainly on macrophytes and terrestrial insects. Spawns on submerged plants when temperature rises above 18° C. May form locally hybrid populations with introduced Scardinius erythrophthalmus. Attains a maximum size of up to about 40 cm SL (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

A fractional spawner. Spawns on submerged plants when temperature rises above 18° C.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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