Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate, preferred ?
Europe: Lakes in Sweden, Norway, southern Finland and northern Russia (Kola Peninsula, northern Karelia, including Lakes Ladoga and Onega).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from congeners in Scandinavia and Russia by its maxilla clearly reaching beyond posterior margin of eye in adults. Can be also diagnosed by the combination of the following characters: length of maxilla about 9-11% SL; length of lower jaw about 13-20% SL; body depth about 18-24% SL; overall coloration outside spawning season dark, commonly greyish green above and bright orange or yellow on belly; spots usually bright orange; lips usually yellow, orange or pink (black in Lake Segozero); pectoral, pelvic and anal fins usually greyish red or orange, caudal fin with red or orange posterior edge and white or black lower margin (Ref. 59043).
Found in large deep lakes, very rarely in rivers. Feeds on fish, amphipods, mollusks, insects and gammarids. Spawning occurs in lakes in shallow water along sand-pebble shores. Reaches up to about 75 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00481 - 0.02077), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=4-6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100) .