Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 145 - 2400 m (Ref. 6871). Deep-water, preferred 23°C (Ref. 107945); 69°N - 54°S, 42°W - 167°W
Eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Atlantic slope to Senegal, Faeroes, Madeira, Azores, Gabon to Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, western Cape of Good Hope (South Africa). Western Indian Ocean: off Natal, South Africa (Ref. 5578), Aldabra Islands and Arabian Sea (Ref. 85183). Western Pacific: Japan, southeastern Australia and New Zealand; possibly Philippines.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 124.5, range 110 - 158 cm
Max length : 164 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58048)
soft rays: 0. A large gulper shark with a short, broad snout, a long, low 1st dorsal fin, short pectoral rear tips, and large, rough, leaf-like denticles (Ref. 5578). Dark grey or chocolate brown in color (Ref. 5578).
Found on or near the bottom of continental slopes; also found pelagically in the upper 1,250 m of water 4,000 m deep (Ref. 31367). Presumably feeds on fish and cephalopods (Ref. 6871). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Utilized and fishmeal and dried salted for human consumption (Ref. 247); meat and fins (low value) and liver oil (very high value), and occasionally for its mature eggs (Ref.58048).
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Young numbers 5-8 in a litter (Ref. 6871). Size at birth 35-43 cm (Ref. 26346). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5003 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00122 - 0.00392), b=3.16 (3.00 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=71; K=0.04-0.05; Fec=5-8).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) .