Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae
(Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335); multimaculatus: The name multimaculatus is derived from the Latin, multi meaning many, and maculatus, meaning spots, in reference to the numerous blackish-brown speckles on the blind-side body and fins of this
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Pacific Ocean: Taiwan. Currently known only from commercial fish catches taken on the continental shelf and/or upper continental slope off Taiwan (Ref. 82202)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82202)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Symphurus multimaculatus is distinguished from all congeners by the combination of: 1–2–2–
2–2 ID pattern, 14 caudal-fin rays, 9 abdominal vertebrae, 50–51 total vertebrae, 5 hypurals, 92–94 dorsal-fin rays, 79–82 anal-fin rays, 102–108 longitudinal scales, 45–48 scales in a transverse row, a small eye (9.1–10.1% HL), deep body (28.6–35.1% SL), and blind-side pigmentation featuring conspicuous, irregular, blackish-brown speckles especially conspicuous overlying pterygiophore regions of the dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 82202).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lee, M.-Y., T.A. Munroe and H.-M. Chen, 2009. A new species of tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae)from Taiwanese waters. Zootaxa 2203:49-58. (Ref. 82202)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00601 - 0.02891), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .