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Symphurus multimaculatus  Lee, Munroe & Chen, 2009

Pepperdot Tonguefish
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Symphurus multimaculatus
Female picture by Lee, M.-Y.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335);  multimaculatus: The name multimaculatus is derived from the Latin, multi meaning many, and maculatus, meaning spots, in reference to the numerous blackish-brown speckles on the blind-side body and fins of this species.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Taiwan. Currently known only from commercial fish catches taken on the continental shelf and/or upper continental slope off Taiwan (Ref. 82202)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82202)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Symphurus multimaculatus is distinguished from all congeners by the combination of: 1–2–2– 2–2 ID pattern, 14 caudal-fin rays, 9 abdominal vertebrae, 50–51 total vertebrae, 5 hypurals, 92–94 dorsal-fin rays, 79–82 anal-fin rays, 102–108 longitudinal scales, 45–48 scales in a transverse row, a small eye (9.1–10.1% HL), deep body (28.6–35.1% SL), and blind-side pigmentation featuring conspicuous, irregular, blackish-brown speckles especially conspicuous overlying pterygiophore regions of the dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 82202).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lee, M.-Y., T.A. Munroe and H.-M. Chen, 2009. A new species of tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae)from Taiwanese waters. Zootaxa 2203:49-58. (Ref. 82202)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00601 - 0.02891), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .