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Jupiaba kurua  Birindelli, Zanata, Sousa & Netto-Ferreira, 2009

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Jupiaba kurua
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Jupiaba: An indigenous word from Brazil, in the region where Angela (Ichthyologist) was born and discovered several new fishes. (Personal communication from Barry Chernoff, Curator Fishes/Museum of Chicago;  kurua: Specific name from the tupi language 'kurua', in allusion to the type locality, rio Curuá.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: upper rio Curuá, rio Xingu basin in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80698)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Differs from all other species of the genus, except Jupiaba acanthogaster, Jupiaba atypindi, Jupiaba keithi, Jupiaba maroniensis, Jupiaba meunieri, Jupiaba minor and Jupiaba pinnata, in having teeth cusps of similar size and dentary teeth gradually decreasing in size posteriorly. Can be diagnosed from the aforementioned species, except Jupiaba meunieri, by its color pattern consisting of dark dots on the base of the majority of lateral body scales, inconspicuous dark elongated humeral blotch and well-marked dark round blotch on the caudal peduncle. Can be further distinguished from Jupiaba meunieri, as well as Jupiaba maroniensis, by having the following characters: scale series between lateral line and pelvic-fin origin 5-6 (vs. 6.5-7.5), anal fin with 21-24 branched rays (vs. 25-31), body depth at dorsal-fin origin 33.3-40.2 %, mean 36.3 % of SL (vs. 42.7-47.9 %, mean 45.5 % of SL, based on examined specimens) (Ref. 80698).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in a clear water river. Omnivorous, feeding on insects, fish, Podostemaceae fragments and filamentous algae (Ref. 80698).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Birindelli, J.L.O., A.M. Zanata, L.M. Sousa and A.L. Netto-Ferreira, 2009. New species of Jupiaba Zanata (Chariciformes: Characidae) from Serra do Cachimbo, with comments on the endemism of upper rio Curuá, rio Xingu basin, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 7(1):11-18. (Ref. 80698)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00551 - 0.02747), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .