Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Claroteidae
(Claroteid catfishes) > Claroteinae
Etymology: Chrysichthys: Greek, chrysos = golden + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); praecox: From the Latin 'praecox', meaning early ripening or precocious, in reference to the small size at which this species matures (Ref. 78725).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical, preferred ?
Africa: only known from Lake Mai-Ndombe (middle Congo River basin), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 78725).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78725)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from other Chrysichthys by having vomerine accessory toothplates forming a smooth arc, narrowly separated in midline and broadening posteriorly in adult males; narrow and sharply pointed supraoccipital process; upper jaw extending beyond lower jaw; strong postcleithral process; maxillary barbel length 2,7-4,8 times in standard length; nasal barbel reaching the orbit; uniformly dark pigmentation; and 14-19 gill rakers on the first gill arch (Ref. 78725).
Lac Mai-Ndombe is a 'blackwater' lake with an acidic pH (4.0-5.5); maximum depth is 10 m; limits increase dramatically during seasonal rains; C. praecox is a small claroteid catfish with marked secondary sexual dimorphism; matures at small size (Ref. 78725).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hardman, M. and M.L.J. Stiassny, 2008. A sexually dimorphic species of Chrysichthys (Siluriformes: Claroteidae) from Lac Mai-Ndombe, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 19(2):175-184. (Ref. 78725)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00374 - 0.01935), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .