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Didymothallus criniceps  Schwarzhans & Møller, 2007

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Didymothallus criniceps   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Didymothallus criniceps
Didymothallus criniceps
Male picture by W. Schwarzhans & P. R. Møller

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes (Cusk eels) > Bythitidae (Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Didymothallus: Name from Greek 'didymos' for double or twofold and 'thallus' for branch in plants, referring to the two supporters of nearly equal length in the single pair of pseudoclaspers.;  criniceps: Name from Latin 'crinis' for hair and Greek 'cephalos' for head, refers to the many hair-like cirri on the occiput..   More on author: Schwarzhans.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 76869).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76869); 6.0 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 69-77; Anal soft rays: 52 - 61; Vertebrae: 42 - 45. This species is diagnosed by the following characters: D 69-77; A 52-61; D/A 23-26, V in D 1.9-2.1; vertebrae 12+30-33=42-45; multiple small cirri on occiput; a single (outer) pseudoclasper wing-shaped with 2 slender supporters, slightly bent, particularly the posterior one and are exactly of same length; 3-5 rows of scales on upper part of cheek, 2 rows on its lower part; otolith has a moderately pointed anterior tip and pronounced postdorsal angle, with undivided short sulcus, its centre anterior to centre of otolith, inclined with 5 to 10°, the otolith length to otolith height is 2.2, otolith length to sulcus length is 2.2-2.4 (Ref. 76869).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Some of the female specimens were observed to have 9-18 eggs in the body cavity, 2 females (of 44 mm SL) were opened and found to contain orange-coloured eggs, 1.4-1.7 mm in diameter; no reported specimens have embryos inside. This observation apparently indicate that this species is oviparous rather than viviparous, which is an assumed diagnostic character for all Bythitoidei. However, this first indication will need to be confirmed by in-life observation (Ref. 76869).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Schwarzhans, W. and P.R. Møller, 2007. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae) of the Indo-west Pacific. Part III. Beaglichthys, Brosmolus, Monothrix and eight new genera with description of 20 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 23:29-110. (Ref. 76869)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00177 - 0.01179), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .