Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: nigromaculatus: From the Latin adjective 'nigromaculatus', meaning with black spots, in reference to the color pattern of dorsal fin in males, a condition unique among congeners.. More on author: Costa.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.5 - ?; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 75131). Tropical, preferred ?
South America: seasonal canals in the floodplains of rio da Prata, rio Aporé drainage, upper rio Paraná basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75131); 2.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 22;
Vertebrae: 24 - 25. Differs from all other species of the genus by possessing 2-4 black spots on posterobasal portion of dorsal fin in males. In addition, it can be separated from all congeners by the unique combination of the following characters: absence of pelvic fin and pelvic girdle; vertebrae 24-25; absence of second pharyngobranchial teeth; absence of ventral process of posttemporal; anal fin with 17-20 rays in females; body depth 33.5-36.0% SL in males; maximum adult size 25.6 mm SL; bright blue bars on flank in males much narrower than interspace; side of head in males with five alternating bright blue and pink to red bars; short postorbital pink strike connecting pink bars 2 and 3; anterior and posterior margins of iris bright blue; dark gray band bordered by a bright blue line on distal margin of dorsal and anal fins, and posterior margin of caudal fin in males; ground color of dorsal and anal fins orange in males; absence of bars on unpaired fins in males; and presence of yellow dots on the caudal fin in males (Ref. 75131).
Inhabits temporary shallow canals (about 50 cm deep) in the floodplains, with light yellow water (Ref. 75131).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2007. Simpsonichthys nigromaculatus, a new miniature seasonal killifish from the upper rio Paraná basin, central Brazil (Teleostei: Cyprinidontiformes: Rivulidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 18(3):199-203. (Ref. 75131)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .