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Dicrossus gladicauda  Schindler & Staeck, 2008

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Dicrossus gladicauda
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Dicrossus: Greek, di = two + Greek, krossoi = tassel (Ref. 45335);  gladicauda: The specific name is derived from the Latin gladius, meaning sword, and cauda, meaning tail, alluding to the sword-like streamer of the dorsal lobe of the caudal fin in adult males.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.4 - ?.   Tropical; 24°C - ? (Ref. 76847)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: lower río Atabapo drainage in Colombia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76847)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 15; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 6 - 7. Distinguished from all congeners by the conspicuously asymmetrical caudal fin characterized by the long filamentous streamer of its dorsal lobe in adult males. Most similar to Dicrossus filamentosus, but can be differentiated by having a lyreate caudal fin, both the marginal rays of the dorsal and the ventral part of caudal fin are distally produced into a filamentous streamer (Ref. 76847).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in a typical blackwater habitat with clear, acidic and very soft tea-colored water, with total and temporary hardness <1° dH (Ref. 76847). Encountered along the bank of small rivulet in zones of extremely shallow water, approximately between 10 and 50 cm depth, where this species occurs either in a layer of dead leaves covering the bottom of the bank side or among the submerged terrestrial vegetation (Ref. 76847).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Schindler, I. and W. Staeck, 2008. Dicrossus gladicauda sp. N.- a new species of crenicarine dwarf cichlids (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from Colombia, South- America. Vertebrate Zoology 58(1):67-73. (Ref. 76847)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00314 - 0.02013), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .