Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Dicrossus: Greek, di = two + Greek, krossoi = tassel (Ref. 45335); gladicauda: The specific name is derived from the Latin gladius, meaning sword, and cauda, meaning tail, alluding to the sword-like streamer of the dorsal lobe of the caudal fin in adult males.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.4 - ?. Tropical; 24°C - ? (Ref. 76847), preferred ?
South America: lower río Atabapo drainage in Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76847)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 14 - 15;
soft rays: 6 - 7. Distinguished from all congeners by the conspicuously asymmetrical caudal fin characterized by the long filamentous streamer of its dorsal lobe in adult males. Most similar to Dicrossus filamentosus, but can be differentiated by having a lyreate caudal fin, both the marginal rays of the dorsal and the ventral part of caudal fin are distally produced into a filamentous streamer (Ref. 76847).
Found in a typical blackwater habitat with clear, acidic and very soft tea-colored water, with total and temporary hardness <1° dH (Ref. 76847). Encountered along the bank of small rivulet in zones of extremely shallow water, approximately between 10 and 50 cm depth, where this species occurs either in a layer of dead leaves covering the bottom of the bank side or among the submerged terrestrial vegetation (Ref. 76847).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schindler, I. and W. Staeck, 2008. Dicrossus gladicauda sp. N.- a new species of crenicarine dwarf cichlids (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae) from Colombia, South- America. Vertebrate Zoology 58(1):67-73. (Ref. 76847)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .