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Stigmatopora narinosa  Browne & Smith, 2007

Southern Gulf pipefish
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Stigmatopora narinosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Stigmatopora narinosa
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Stigmatopora: Greek, stigma = mark, signal + Greek, poros = porous (Ref. 45335);  narinosa: Name from Latin 'naris' for nostril, broadnosed, after the wide and distinctive spatulate shape of its snout.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 75062).   Temperate, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: South Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75062)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species differs from its congeners having an indistinct trunk and tail ridges, particularly lateral trunk ridge, in fresh specimens; the lateral trunk ridge terminates 1.5 body rings posterior to anal ring; short, wide and slightly elevated snout; 9 sub-dorsal tail rings; distinct banded pattern in both live and preserved specimens (Ref. 75062).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

All specimens were collected or photographed in sheltered shallow open water at 1-5 m depth over a substrate of a mosaic of patches of brown algae, with Posidonia or Zostera. It appears to have a very limited inshore distribution along patches of moderate energy coastlines with low turbidity and a broken vegetation pattern of seagrass and brown algae. The restricted inshore habitat may be particularly vulnerable to pollutants or exotic marine species. The eggs of this species are deposited in two layers, a basal and then an external layer. A specimen with the greatest recorded number of eggs had 3 staggered rows of 64 basal membranous egg compartments on the tail, with the basal layer of eggs covered by a membrane with matching rows of egg pouches; the second layer with 34 eggs within the brood pouch folds resulted in a total of 98 eggs. Total lengths of larvae at hatching is 1.8 cm (vs. 1.3 cm in S. nigra and 3.2 cm in S. argus. Males of this species have extended brood patches from December to March, and juveniles < 9.0 cm are seen from December to March. Males also can mature at 11.3 cm. The maximum recorded brood was 98 eggs which was far greater than that recorded by for S. nigra which is approximately 25 and for S. argus with 41 eggs (Ref. 75062).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Browne, R.K. and K. Smith, 2007. A new pipefish, Stigmatopora narinosa (Syngnathidae) From South Australia. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 64:1-6. (Ref. 75062)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00049 (0.00022 - 0.00110), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .