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Rhamdella cainguae  Bockmann & Miquelarena, 2008

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Rhamdella cainguae
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Heptapteridae (Three-barbeled catfishes)
Etymology: Rhamdella: Brazilian vernacular name, Nhamdia/Jamdia (Ref. 45335);  cainguae: Named from the Guarani, ca'á (forest), and iguá (inhabitant), in reference to the Cainguá, indigenous people of northeastern Argentina.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: known only from Arroyo Cuña-Pirú, Río Paraná basin in Argentina.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75872)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal soft rays: 16 - 18. Presence of a distinct and large ovoid area in the supraorbital laterosensory canal between the frontal and sphenotic delimited by the apparently slender dorsal walls of these bones and with foramen for a laterosensory branch. Differs further from other species of Rhamdella by the following combination of characters: barbel tip reaching from the base of pectoral-fin ray in a specimen measuring 8.80 cm SL, to the posterior portion of opercular region, not surpassing the branchial slit, in a 15.75 cm SL specimen; horizontal eye diameter 20.6-23.9% of HL; interorbital distance 17.9-20.7% of HL; snout profile slightly convex but almost straight; branchiostegal rays seven, branchiostegal membranes not reaching the basal part of the first pectoral-fin ray in most specimens; interdorsal length 7.6-11.3% of SL; adipose-fin base length 36.0-41.6% of SL; anal-fin base length 16.6-22.0% of SL; anal-fin rays 16-18, commonly 17; and length of ventral caudal-fin lobe is 55.8-65.5% of length of dorsal lobe in males; snout length 37.9-43.2% of HL; pelvic fin length 13.3-16.9% of SL; a dense concentration of long and slender papillae on the lateral body surface in the pectoral and abdominal regions, most conspicuous near the lateral line, resulting in a hairy aspect; and by the presence of a distinct narrow dark mid lateral stripe (Ref. 75872).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs over rocky bottoms in a clear water stream, approximately 0.5 - 1 m deep, with pools around 3 m deep, running through a densely forested area (Ref. 75872). Tends to be gregarious as individuals were observed in dense group under large stones (Ref. 75872).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Bockmann, Flavio | Collaborators

Bockmann, F.A. and A.M. Miquelarena, 2008. Anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of a new catfish species from northeastern Argentina with comments on the phylogenetic relationships of the genus Rhamdella Eigenmann and Eigenmann 1888 (Siluriformes, Heptapteridae). Zootaxa 1780:1-54. (Ref. 75872)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00335 - 0.01640), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .