Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae
Etymology: Sternarchogiton: Greek, sternon = sternon, + Greek, archos = anus + Greek, geiton, -onos = neighbour (Ref. 45335); preto: Name from Portuguese 'preto' for black, refers to the diagnostic dark pigmentation of the species; an adjective, gender masculine.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Brazilian and northeastern Peruvian Amazon and Venezuelan Orinoco basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75769); 21.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from all congeners by having the following characters: very dark brown or purplish black live body coloration; black pectoral-, anal- and caudal-fin membranes; premaxilla with 5 long conical teeth; one row of conical teeth pointing toward the inside of the mouth of dentary; fusion of the supracleithrum and posttemporal; anterior portion of coracoid falling short of the anterior edge of the cleithrum; absence of a prominent tri-lobed structure on the lower lip (Ref. 75769).
Found only in channels and major side branches of large whitewater and blackwater rivers (Ref. 75769).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
de Santana, C.D. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2007. Revision of the deep-channel electric fish genus Sternarchogiton (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae). Copeia 2007(2):387-402. (Ref. 75769)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .