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Sternarchogiton preto  de Santana & Crampton, 2007

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Sternarchogiton preto
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae (Ghost knifefishes)
Etymology: Sternarchogiton: Greek, sternon = sternon, + Greek, archos = anus + Greek, geiton, -onos = neighbour (Ref. 45335);  preto: Name from Portuguese 'preto' for black, refers to the diagnostic dark pigmentation of the species; an adjective, gender masculine.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Notice: Undefined variable: speccode in E:\wwwroot\FishBase\htdocs\includes\SpeciesSummary.lib.php on line 2262 Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazilian and northeastern Peruvian Amazon and Venezuelan Orinoco basins.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75769); 21.7 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from all congeners by having the following characters: very dark brown or purplish black live body coloration; black pectoral-, anal- and caudal-fin membranes; premaxilla with 5 long conical teeth; one row of conical teeth pointing toward the inside of the mouth of dentary; fusion of the supracleithrum and posttemporal; anterior portion of coracoid falling short of the anterior edge of the cleithrum; absence of a prominent tri-lobed structure on the lower lip (Ref. 75769).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found only in channels and major side branches of large whitewater and blackwater rivers (Ref. 75769).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Albert, James S. | Collaborators

de Santana, C.D. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2007. Revision of the deep-channel electric fish genus Sternarchogiton (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae). Copeia 2007(2):387-402. (Ref. 75769)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .