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Crenicichla hadrostigma  Lucena, 2007

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Crenicichla hadrostigma
Picture by Lucena, C.A.S.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Crenicichla: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335);  hadrostigma: Name from Greek ‘hadros’ meaning well-developed and ‘stigma’ for spot, mark, refers to the prominent post-temporal spot, which is diagnostic of the species; an adjective.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Uruguay.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75870)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species readily distinguished from all its congeners by possessing a conspicuous ocellated posttemporal spot, which is always greater than half orbital diameter, often equal or larger than orbital diameter (vs. smaller or absent); it differs from C. igara and C. jurubi, by the absence of numerous spots scattered over the back and sides (in both sexes), and by the presence, in males, of 11 to 16 narrow vertical single or double-bars across the sides from just below the first spine of dorsal-fin to the first and second or fourth and fifth soft ray of the same fin (vs. 5-7 elongate dark blotches varying in appearance, the narrow vertical bars can occur in C. tendybaguassu, C. minuano and C. missioneira); it differs from C. tendybaguassu by the normal (vs. greatly thickened) lips. The isognathous mouth distinguishes this species from C. missioneira which has the lower jaw longer than the upper jaw; distinguished from C. minuano and C. celidochilus by the absence of a lateral band (vs. present) (Ref. 75870).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Stomach contents of one female specimen (9.32 cm SL, MCP 40176) contain aquatic insect larvae; while another female specimen (MCP 22036) was removed from the stomach of a Salminus brasiliensis specimen (Ref. 75870).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Lucena, C.A.S. de, 2007. Two new species of the genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840 from the upper rio Uruguay drainage (Perciformes: Cichlidae). Neotrop. Ichthyol. 5(4):449-456. (Ref. 75870)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00231 - 0.01193), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .