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Careproctus rotundifrons  Sakurai & Shinohara, 2008

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Careproctus rotundifrons
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Liparidae (Snailfishes)
Etymology: Careproctus: Greek, kara = face + Greek, proktos = anus (Ref. 45335);  rotundifrons: Name from Latin ‘rotund’ for rounded and ‘frons’ meaning front; refers to its rounded forehead.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 521 - 1100 m (Ref. 75204).   Deep-water; 38°N - 34°N, 138°E - 142°E (Ref. 75204)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Japan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75204); 104.4 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 47-50; Anal soft rays: 41 - 45; Vertebrae: 53 - 56. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 47-50; A 41-45; pectoral-fin rays 34-40; vertebrae 10-11+42-46=53-56; eye diameter 5.6-7.2% SL; disk length 4.6-7.1% SL; interorbital width 9.9-13.5% SL; outer margin of pectoral fin is slightly notched; pectoral radials 4 (3+1) without notches; ribs 2-3; scapula notch present; pyloric caeca 15-29; dark brown peritoneum; pale colored stomach, oral cavity, and pyloric caeca (Ref. 75204).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mature and immature specimens were captured by bait traps on the sea floor; apparently benthic. This is observed to swim searching for food fallen on the bottom and frequently to stay on the acrylic glass or walls of a tank using the ventral disk from individuals on display at Tokyo Sea Life Park. Captured together with A holosaurid (Aldrovandia affinis), a psychrolutid (Ebinania vermiculata), and 2 zoarcids (Ericandersonia sagamia and Japonolycodes abei) in the same traps in Sagami Bay, indicating the likelihood of their sharing similar habitat. Females have an ovipositor in the abdominal cavity and it is everted to outside the body when the abdominal cavity is pressed (Ref. 75204).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Sakurai, H. and G. Shinohara, 2008. Careproctus rotundifrons, a new snailfish (Scorpaeniformes: Liparidae) from Japan. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A. Suppl. 2:39-45. (Ref. 75204)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (79 of 100) .