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Squatina mexicana  Castro-Aguirre, Espinosa Pérez & Huidobro Campos, 2007

Mexican angel shark
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Squatina mexicana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Squatina mexicana (Mexican angel shark)
Squatina mexicana
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squatiniformes (Angel sharks) > Squatinidae (Angel sharks)
Etymology: Squatina: Latin, squatina, -ae = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335);  mexicana: Named for its type locality, Mexico.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 71 - 180 m (Ref. 74686).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 88.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 74686)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species has no thorns or enlarged denticles on the mean dorsal line. The dermal skin denticles has 3 keels extended posteriorly, its base about 4 times its length. The dorsal fins are similar in size, shape and area, their base about 1.75 times their height. Nasal lobes are simple, the anterior thin and longer; the medium lobe quadrangular and almost lacking lobes Body color gray, no ocelli, but with 2 very evident black spots on the anterior edge of pectoral fins; the rest of body is black with small scattered dark spots located irregularly. Both sides of the upper jaw has 10 triangular, erect, and non edge-serrated teeth, arranged in 2 functional series; lower jaw with 9-10 smooth triangular teeth; 5 frontal teeth are straight, the rest are slightly oblique and arranged in 2 functional series (Ref. 74686).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Castro-Aguirre, J.L., H.S. Espinosa Pérez and L. Huidobro Campos, 2006. Dos nuevas especies del género Squatina (Chondrichthyes: Squatinidae) del Golfo de México. Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol.) [2006] 54 (3):1031-1040. (Ref. 74686)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00278 - 0.01974), b=3.04 (2.80 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .