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Squalius valentinus  Doadrio & Carmona, 2006

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Squalius valentinus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: valentinus: The specific name derived from the Roman name of Valencia, the Spanish region where the species inhabits.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: rivers in the Mediterranean slope of Spain between the Mijares and Vinalopo basins. Known from the following rivers: Mijares, Turia, Júcar, Serpis, Bullent, Gorgos, Guadalest, Monebre or Verde and Vinalopo Rivers; and from the Albufera de Valencia Lagoon.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 72459)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2 - 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal spines: 2-3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 9. Distinguished from all its congeners by the following combination of characters: dorsal fin with 8 branched rays; anal fin with 7-9 branched rays; 2 rows of pharyngeal teeth on both sides with 2 and 5 teeth, respectively; wide caudal peduncle; 8-11 gill rakers; lateral line scales 35-39; scale rows above lateral line 7-8; scale rows below lateral line 3; 39 vertebrae, 22 abdominal and 17 caudal; large fourth and fifth infraorbital bones; maxilla with a very marked and pointed anterior process; frontal bone expanded at its middle; wide neurocranium bone; the lower branch of the pharyngeal bone is robust; large and narrow urohyal (Ref. 72459). Other diagnostic characters include infraorbital bones broad, width of infraorbitals 2 and 5 about 4-5 times width of sensory canal on same bones, presence of a black crescentic mark on scale pocket of each flank scale, head length about equal to body depth, mouth terminal, and 4 scale rows between lateral line and pelvic origin (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in streams with clear waters and gravel bottom and prefers moderate flowing stretches (Ref. 72459). Threatened due to water abstraction for agriculture, construction of reservoirs and introduction of exotic species (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Doadrio, I. and J.A. Carmona, 2006. Phylogenetic overview of the genus Squalius (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) in the Iberian Peninsula, with description of two new species. Cybium 30(3):199-214. (Ref. 72459)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

  Vulnerable (VU) (B1ab(ii,iii,v))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00386 - 0.01712), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .