Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Europe: Peloponnese in Greece (except Evrotas and Lake Stymphalia).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by having the following characters: anal fin with a black mark on anterior half, formed by pigments along edge of rays, membranes hyaline; head length about equal to body depth; mouth subinferior, upper lip conspicuously projecting beyond lower jaw; scales on lateral line 40-44 + 2-3; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 8-9½ branched rays; posterior margin of anal fin slightly convex; distance between tips of first and last branched anal rays (with fin stretched out) greater than depth of caudal peduncle; head length 24-27% SL; dorsal origin above posterior extremity of pelvic base; dorso-hypural distance reaching middle of eye when reported forward from dorsal origin (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits streams to rivers with moderate to swift current. Feeds on a variety of plant and animal food. Spawns adhesive eggs of 1.8 mm in diameter in gravel (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 1972. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00399 - 0.01736), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .