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Chromis circumaurea  Pyle, Earle & Greene, 2008

Gold-rim Chromis
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Chromis circumaurea
Picture by Pyle, R.L./Greene, B.D.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  circumaurea: Name from Latin words 'circum' meaning round and 'aurea' for golden, of gold, for the golden-yellow coloration of its anal fin, caudal fin, and outer margin of the dorsal fin.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 59379).   Tropical; 21°N - 6°N, 137°E - 164°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Yap I. (Caroline Islands, Micronesia) and probably in the Marshall and Mariana islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59379)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13 - 14. This species is distinguished by the following characters: Dorsal rays XIV,12-13, usually 13; anal rays II, 13-14, usually 13; pectoral rays 18-19; spiniform caudal rays 3; tubed lateral-line scales 16-17; gill rakers 6-7 + 20-21, total 26-27; body depth 1.68-1.86 in SL. The color when fresh is mahogany brown with bright yellow distally on spinous portion of dorsal fin; the soft portion of dorsal fin, caudal fin, and anal fin is bright yellow.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species was observed at Yap (Caroline Islands), in a group of about a dozen individuals living among large (about 1-2 m) rock boulders just above the upper edge of a precipitous drop-off. A juvenile of approximately 4 cm SL was observed at a depth of 120 m, below the site where the type specimens were collected. Its color pattern was consistent with that of the adults (Ref. 59379). Life history characteristics for the family specify that this group is oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Allen, Gerald R. | Collaborators

Pyle, R., J.L. Earle and B.D. Greene, 2008. Five new species of the damselfish genus Chromis (Perciformes: Labroidei: Pomacentridae) from deep coral reefs in the tropical western Pacific. Zootaxa 1671:3-31. (Ref. 59379)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00793 - 0.03989), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .