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Simipercis trispinosa  Johnson & Randall, 2006

Threespine grubfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Simipercis trispinosa   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Simipercis trispinosa (Threespine grubfish)
Simipercis trispinosa
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Simipercis: Name from Latin 'similis', for similar or like, referring to the pinguipedid genus Percis Bloch and Schneider, 1801 (the latter being preoccupied by the agonid genus Percis Scopoli, 1777).;  trispinosa: Name from Latin 'tres' for three, and 'spina' for thorn or spine, referring to the 3 dorsal-fin spines, a character state not found in any other species of Pinguipedidae..   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 51 - 170 m (Ref. 59348).   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 10 - 10 cm
Max length : 13.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59348); 10.0 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 30 - 31. This species is distinguished in having 3 dorsal spines; a low naked fleshy nuchal crest ; dorsal angle of opercular bone broad, not forming a distinct exposed, pointed spine. It also has the following features: vomer and palatines edentate; subopercle and preopercle entire; 10 abdominal and 20-21 caudal vertebrae; scales including those on head and pelvic region large and ctenoid; interorbital with a single row of large scales, extending to, or just beyond anterior margin of eye; suborbital scales reaching a vertical between anterior margin of pupil and anterior margin of eye; and, head and body moderately compressed (body width 1.3- 1.55 in depth in adults) (Ref. 59348).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Johnson, J.W. and J.E. Randall, 2006. Simipercis trispinosa, a new genus and species of sandperch (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae) from eastern Australia. Mem. Mus. Victoria 63(1):57-64. (Ref. 59348)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00271 - 0.01339), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .