Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Stomatepia: Greek, stoma = mouth + Latin, tepere = be warm (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 25°C - 27°C (Ref. 13614), preferred ?; 5°N - 4°N
Africa: endemic to Lake Barombi-Mbo, Cameroon (Ref. 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6398)
(total): 14 - 15;
soft rays: 9 - 10. Diagnosis: relatively robust, body depth 29.5-35.4% of standard length; mouth large, upper jaw (28.5-35.2% HL); lateral line system on head not notably enlarged; coloration dominated by a continuous mid-lateral band running from opercle to mid-level of caudal peduncle; microbranchiospines present on outer faces of second through fourth gill arches (Ref. 81260).
Aquarium conditions: pH=9, H=25, 30°C water temperature, omnivore, egg layer, needs rocky cover and substratum, not easy to raise in tanks (Ref. 6398). Predatory; reported to kleptoparasitize the freshwater crab Potamon africanus (Ref. 81260).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Females are mouthbrooding.
Teugels, G.G., 1991. Stomatepia. p. 465. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5698)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00696 - 0.03143), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .