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Symphurus monostigmus  Munroe, 2006

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Symphurus monostigmus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335);  monostigmus: Name from the Greek word 'manos' (= one) and 'stigma' (= spot), referring to the single, conspicuous, black spot on the anteroventral region of the ocular side of the abdomen.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 65 - 110 m (Ref. 57441).   Temperate, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: South Africa.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57441)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 86; Anal soft rays: 73 - 74; Vertebrae: 48. Diagnosis: Distinguished by having an irregular, conspicuous, dark spot overlying the anteroventral ocular-side body cavity; a 1-2-2-2-2 ID pattern; caudal-fin rays 14; dorsal-fin rays 86; anal-fin rays 73-74; total vertebrae 48; bluntly rounded to squarish snout; small eye (100-138 in thousandths of HL) with small pupil (pupil diameter/eye diameter 28-32%); ocular side uniformly yellowish-white with numerous, darker, reddish-brown freckles; blind side is uniformly yellowish-white; black peritoneum (posterior region only); and dorsal and anal fins without conspicuous spots or ocelli (Ref. 57441).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Munroe, T.A., 2006. New Western Indian Ocean tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae, Symphurus). Copeia 2006(2):230-234. (Ref. 57441)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Countries
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00604 - 0.02878), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .