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Crenicichla maculata  Kullander & Lucena, 2006

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Crenicichla maculata
Picture by Becker, F.G.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Crenicichla: Latin, crenulatus = cut, clipped + Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Kullander.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57632)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 20 - 24; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-13; Anal soft rays: 8 - 11. Distinguished from all other costal southeastern Brazilian species of the Crenicichla lacustris group by having a row of 5-8 dark blotches along middle of side and narrow vertical bars absent. This is most similar to Crenicichla punctata in color pattern, males always feature a pattern of irregularly distributed dark spots over the sides, but this pattern is lost in breeding females. Differs from Crenicichla punctata by the absence of minute dark spots on the head. Also distinguished from Crenicichla haroldoi, Crenicichla jaguarensis and Crenicichla jupiaensis by E1 row scale counts 60-75. Differs from Crenicichla iguassuensis by having a row of 5-8 dark blotches along side and snout pointed with lower jaw distinctly prognathous and from Crenicichla niederleinii by absence of narrow vertical bars (Ref. 57632).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on bivalves, gastropods, fish and coleopteran larvae (Ref. 57632).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O. and C.A.S. Lucena, 2006. A review of the species of Crenicichla (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the Atlantic coastal rivers of southeastern Brazil from Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul States, with descriptions of three new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 4(2):127-146. (Ref. 57632)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00234 - 0.01177), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .