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Squalius orpheus  Kottelat & Economidis, 2006

Orpheus dace
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Squalius orpheus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: orpheus: The name orpheus means a legendary Thracian musician and poet, son of the Thracian river-god Oiagros and of the Muse Calliopte..   More on author: Kottelat.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Subtropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eurasia: Maritza to Struma drainages in Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57141)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Differs from its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by having the following characters: origin of dorsal fin above pelvic base; dorso-hypural distance reaching between eye and nostril when reported forward from dorsal origin; free margin of flank scales faintly marked, not much contrasted against rest of scale, which is also pigmented; scale pocket dark brown; anal fin with blackish membranes and hyaline rays; head length equal to or slightly greater than body depth; mouth subterminal, upper lip conspicuously projecting beyond lower jaw, sometimes including tip of lower jaw; 44-46 + 2 scales on lateral line; dorsal fin and anal fin with 8½ branched rays; posterior margin of anal convex; in stretched anal of individuals larger than about 10 cm SL, distance between tips of first and last branched rays ( with the fin stretched out) 1.0-1.3 times caudal peduncle depth; and head length 26-29% SL (Ref. 59043).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in small to larger streams and rivers with standing water to moderate current (Ref. 57141). Found mainly in pools (Ref. 57141). Feeds in the water column and in the upper layers on fallen terrestrial insects but it is otherwise omnivorous (Ref. 57141). Spawns in shallow areas with gravel bottom. Some populations are under threat due to water abstraction in dry season (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and P.S. Economidis, 2006. Squalius orpheus, a new species of cyprinid fish from Evros drainage, Greece (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 17(2):181-186. (Ref. 57141)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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References
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Aquaculture profile
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Heritability
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Ciguatera
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Gill area
Otoliths
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00386 - 0.01712), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .