Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Cyprichromis: Latin, cyprinus = carp + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); coloratus: The species name, coloratus, is derived from the Latin, in reference to the colourful fins of males (Ref. 57033).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 5 - 60 m (Ref. 57033), usually 15 - 35 m (Ref. 57033). Tropical, preferred ?
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, occurs in the southern part of the lake, off Wonzye Point, Kasenga and Nkumbula Island in Zambia (Ref. 57033).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57033); 9.2 cm SL (female)
Recognized as a species of the genus Cyprichromis by the elongate abdominal
cavity, extending posteriorly beyond the anal fin origin. Cyprichromis coloratus n. sp. can be distinguished from C. microlepidotus by fewer scales in the longitudinal line (41-44 v. 59-70 in C. microlepidotus) and in the upper lateral line (31-36 v. 47-59), from C. leptosoma by more spines in the dorsal fin (14-15 v. 11–13 in C. leptosoma) and more scales in the longitudinal line (41-44 v. 38-40), from C. pavo by fewer dorsal-fin spines and soft rays (total number of spines and soft rays 29-31, usually 30, v. 30-32, usually 31, in C. pavo), and from C. zonatus usually by a shallower body [body depth 24.0–28.5 (26.4 +/- 1.1) % LS v. 24.5–30.5 (28.4 +/- 1.3) % in C. zonatus] and smaller eye (eye length (LE)
25.2–30.9 (27.2 +/- 1.1) % of head length (LH) v. 27.9–33.3 (30.2 +/- 1.2) %). Males of the new species are also distinguished from C. microlepidotus, C. pavo and C. zonatus by the following colouration features: absence of distinct small spots on body (v. presence of pearl grey and yellowish small spots along scale rows on body in C. microlepidotus and C. pavo), dichromatism (particularly of the caudal fin) in males of the same population (v. no dichromatism in C. zonatus), and absence of vertical bands on flanks (v. three or four distinct vertical bands beneath dorsal fin base in live males of C. zonatus) (Ref. 57033).
Occurs exclusively over rocky substratum, 1-5 m above the bottom from 5 m to at least 35 m depth; most abundant at ca. 15 m depth; females and sub-adult males forms mixed-species schools; adult males each maintain territories above adjacent large rocks or boulders; feed almost exclusively on cyploploid copepodids; mouthbrooding females (Ref. 57033).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Takahashi, T. and M. Hori, 2006. Description of a new Lake Tanganyikan cichlid fish of the genus Cyprichromis (Perciformes: Cichlidae) with a note on sexual dimorphism. J. Fish Biol. 68(suppl. B):174-192. (Ref. 57033)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00693 - 0.03157), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .