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Sternarchorhynchus gnomus  de Santana & Taphorn, 2006

Gnomus tube-snouted ghost knifefish
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Image of Sternarchorhynchus gnomus (Gnomus tube-snouted ghost knifefish)
Sternarchorhynchus gnomus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae (Ghost knifefishes)
Etymology: Sternarchorhynchus: Greek, sternon = sternon, + Greek, archos = anus + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335);  gnomus: From the Latin gnomus, meaning dwarf, in allusion to its small body size.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.6 - 7.6.   Tropical; 28°C - ? (Ref. 56955)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Lower Río Caroni, Venezuela.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84053); 13.4 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Anal soft rays: 159 - 177. Distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: snout strongly curved; head and mid-dorsum as dark as dorsolateral areas; anal and pectoral fins translucent, without conspicuous distal dark margins; scales present along anterodorsal region of body; 6-7 scales above lateral line at mid-body; 159-177 total anal-fin rays; five branchiostegal rays; greatest body depth 9.3-11.4% of length to end of anal fin; snout to anus 58.4-77.6% of length to end of anal fin; pre-pectoral fin length 34.8-41.0% of HL; snout length 57.6-65.4% of HL; head depth at nape 39.7-44.9% of HL; postocular distance 36.9-41.6% of HL; eye diameter 4.1-7.6% of HL; internarial distance 2.7-7.0% of HL; branchial opening 9.5-12.3% of HL; tail length 10.1-17.4% of length to end of anal fin; tail depth 8.3-13.8% of caudal length (Ref. 56955).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits channel with clear water (Ref. 56955); visibility of approximately 2 m and the pH ranging from 6.6-7.6 (Ref. 84053). Feeds on insects such as chironomids, ephemeropterans and trichopterans (Ref. 56955).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Albert, James S. | Collaborators

de Santana, C. D. and R.P. Vari, 2010. Electric fishes of the genus Sternarchorhynchus (Teleostei, Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes); phylogenetic and revisionary studies. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159:223-371. (Ref. 84053)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00139 - 0.00867), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .