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Stiphodon sapphirinus  Watson, Keith & Marquet, 2005

Sapphire stiphodon
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Stiphodon sapphirinus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Sicydiinae
Etymology: Stiphodon: Greek, stiphos, -eos, -oys = mass + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  sapphirinus: From the Latin adjective sapphirinus, meaning sapphire, in allusion to the birght blue coloration and jewel like appearance of males, especially when viewed in sunlight.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; amphidromous; depth range ? - 5 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Oceania: throughout New Caledonia in both the North Province and South Province. Vanuatu (Ref. 87781).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56893); 2.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 10. First dorsal fin in males with fourth spine long, filamentous and without membrane beyond the fin; males usually have no scales (0-6) in predorsal midline, whereas females usually have predorsal scales (0-12); males have more and larger symphyseal teeth, 2 (0-4) vs. 2 (0-2) in females. Scales in transverse forward series 7-15. Males with somewhat variable coloration: the head and body cobalt blue that is especially prominent above the midline; dorsal fins generally clear with cobalt blue present on spine and often membrane close to base and anal fin whitish or bluish basally (Ref. 56893).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits clear swift streams and has been found in streams from near sea level to well above small waterfalls at higher elevations (Ref. 56893). Usually prefers to inhabit one of boulders and slab bottom streams usually with little or no sand and gravel (Ref. 56893). Generally found in riffles but on occasion has been collected in swift waters above waterfalls (Ref. 56893).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Watson, R.E., P. Keith and G. Marquet, 2005. Stiphodon sapphirinus, a new species of freshwater goby from New Caledonia (Gobioidei: Sicydiinae). Cybium 29(4):339-345. (Ref. 56893)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .