Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Coilia: Greek, koilia, -as = abdomen, hollow (Ref. 45335). More on author: Richardson.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189). Tropical, preferred ?; 33°N - 7°N, 72°E - 124°E (Ref. 189)
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences |
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Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Indo-Pacific: East and South China seas (from at least Suchow south to Hainan and most likely to Viet Nam), also Indian Ocean (Kerala, India).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 189)
soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 12 to 15 + 22 to 29 = 36 to 44 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla long, reaching to or beyond base of the first pectoral fin ray. Pectoral fin with 7 filaments. All other species with a long maxilla have only 6 pectoral filaments.
Occurs in coastal waters and estuaries, presumably with a biology similar to that of other members of the genus.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00169 - 0.00938), b=3.04 (2.83 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .